Official Name: Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Founder: Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Capital: Islamabad
Total Area: 796,096 Sq. km.
Punjab: 205,344 Sq. km.
Sindh: 140,914 Sq. km.
Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa: 74,521 Sq. km.
Balochistan: 347,190 Sq. km.
Federally Administered Tribal Areas: 27,220 Sq. km.
Islamabad (Capital): 906 Sq. km.
Gilgit-Baltistan: 72,496 Sq. km
Azad Jammu & Kashmir: 13,297 Sq. km
Population: 177 million (estimated 2011), 132 million (1998 census)
Ethnic Composition: 95% Muslims, 5% others.
Per capita Income: US $1085 (www.infopak.gov.pk)
Currency: Pak. Rupee (PKR)
Language: Urdu (National) and English (Official)
Archaeological Sites: Moenjo Daro, Harappa, Taxila, Kot Diji, Mehr Garh, Takht Bhai.
Major Cities: Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar, Quetta, Rawalpindi, Hyderabad, Faisalabad, Multan and Sialkot
Tourist's resorts: Murree, Quetta, Hunza, Ziarat, Swat, Kaghan, Chitral and Gilgit
 

Mountains/Peaks:

Name Height World Rating
K-2 (Chagori) 8616 m 2nd
Nanga Parbat 8125 m 8th
Gasherbrum-I 8068 m 11th
Broad Peak 8065 m 12th
Gasherbrum-II 8047 m 14th
Gasherbrum-III 7952 m 15th
Gasherbrum-IV 7925 m 16th
Disteghil Sar 7885 m 20th
Kunyang Kish 7852 m 22th
Masherbrum (NE) 7821 m 24th
Rakaposhi 7788 m 27th
Batura I 7785 m 28th
Kanjut Sar 7760 m 29th
Saltoro Kangri 7742 m 33rd
Trivor 7720 m 36th

Famous Mountain Passes:

Location Province
The Khyber Pass Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa
The Kurram Pass FATA
The Tochi Pass FATA
The Gomal Pass Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa
The Bolan Pass Balochistan
The Lowari Pass Chitral Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa
The Khunjrab Pass Gilgit-Baltistan

Famous Glaciers:

Name Length
Siachin 75 km
Batura 55 km
Baltoro 65 km

Major Rivers:

Name Length
The Indus 2896 km
Jehlum 825 km
Chenab 1242 km
Ravi 901 km
Sutlej 1551 km
Beas (Tributery of Sutlej) 398 km

Deserts:

Name Location/Province
Thar Sindh
Cholistan Punjab
Thal Punjab

Lakes:

Name Location/Province
Mancher Sindh
Keenjar Sindh
Hanna Balouchistan
Saif-ul-Malook Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Satpara Northern Areas
Kachura Northern Areas

Major Dams:

Name Location/Province
Mangla Dam Punjab
Tarbela Dam Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa
Warsak Dam Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa